India is the largest populated nation in the world that is a constitutional democracy and its democratic system of governance have been in operation for the past over 7 decades. It is a federation of states where the central government and the state governments have powers to enact and administer laws in accordance with the written Constitution.
In the event of any disputes or contradictions in the laws, the Supreme Court of India is empowered to intervene to set things right!
Though democracy might be the best form of government for the best kind of people with reasonably high knowledge and wisdom, it may not be the case for a nation like India where the average Indian has not attained that kind of a stature so far!
In other words, the average Indian is a mediocre individual and for the mediocre people, democracy deteriorates over time to yield governments by mediocre or below mediocre individuals!
A nation with a complex population with varying individual or group understanding, likes and qualities, complexities in administration are quite natural. And when such complexities are dealt by a mediocre group of law makers, administrators, media and judiciary, the complexities of the nation are bound to rise with time. In such a democracy, people keep facing problems of various kinds continuously for several decades. They use their democratic powers to change their mediocre administrators but may not find success because they have only mediocre fellows to be selected as the replacements!
Indian citizens have been witnessing such a phenomena for quite some time. They felt that their government was not doing any thing to control prices of essential commodities such as petrol and diesel and the ministers in government talked and showed arrogance that they could not tolerate any more. That was the case prior to 2014 when the Indian National Congress and its allies in the name of United Progressive Alliance (UPA) were ruling the nation.
The Indians easily got carried away by the other major opposition group called the National Democratic Alliance, NDA, led by the Bharatiya Janatha Party or BJP. People believed what they told. The secular appeasement of minority religions of the nation by UPA was the reason told by BJP for rising prices and lack of opportunities!
So they voted the ruling UPA out of power and installed NDA to do good governance of the nation, in 2014!
The new group in power on a fine evening declared withdrawal of certain currency notes in circulation, a step that is noted in history as the 'demonetization' step. The motivation for this step was told as for eliminating black money concentrations in the hands of many in the form of unaccounted cash.
This one step caused great problems to millions of people in India. More than the direct problems it affected the lower level economic activities of the nation in an unprecedented manner. It caused unceremonious closure of millions of business activities of the nation which so far had been predominantly working on a currency based system. But no one ever noticed it as none had the ability to view the country as a whole! But it began to show in tax collections by the central and the state governments. But the mediocre administrators preferred to ignore the signs!
Some mediocre bureaucrat who happened to be near to the top administration of the political bosses in governance seemed to have advised the latter for the need of quick implementation of what is now known as the GST system of taxation for improving the falling tax collections! The new system had double advantages, they told the bosses! Most importantly, the new system would make all tax money to go to the central government account and the latter would later allot the states' share. It can be used as a whip to control those states ruled by those not liked by the individuals in the central government! Besides, the new system is fully computerized and that will make any attempt of tax evasion by any business fellow, impossible!
Fantastic! The political masters hastily approved the idea without much thoughts or preparations. The mediocre bureaucrats implemented it too quickly with so many complex rules and procedures to be done by almost all remaining business people of India! The illustrious individuals in the government considered it unimportant to make the business people understand the system and get experienced with it! They simply thought that harsh punishments and fines would make every one fall in line too quickly! So the GST system of commercial taxation was adopted in a fully digital and networked system by executive orders. It had to be operated with faulty or inadequate computer network, server computers and perhaps a hastily made up software system!
The effect have been havocs to millions of small and medium scale business groups while the large businesses with enough resources could overcome those quickly. The bureaucratic and political individuals in governance paid little attention to the tax paying small and medium business groups!
The cascading effect of this was closure of millions of businesses, both manufacturers and traders. Yet none thought it important to look in to it! The effect was not immediately visible to the public. But it was clearly visible to the government. Their tax collections were falling drastically!
But how can a group of mediocre people in governance admit their wrong decisions? Only high caliber people are broadminded enough to admit follies. Mediocre people are highly egoistic in nature. They can never ever admit their own mistakes! When they are too reluctant to admit mistakes, how can they ever look for rectification of mistakes?
Due to corruption, inefficiency, wrong policies, high ambition to enhance military and policing have been causing Indian governance a high cost affair. Indian governments have not been able to have enough resources to fast forward economic development to satisfactory levels comparable to other nations with good infrastructure, social security, healthcare, literacy, employment opportunities and reasonable per capita income. They have been with ambitious plans without enough monetary resources to implement the plans properly in time. Regretably, those in key administrative positions never made any proper plans for having a balanced budgetary roadmap for governance!
They seemed to ignore the fact that a robust economic stability is essential for the governments too to gain financially. Heavily taxing the burdened economy was the only method they knew!
And that constrained the economic activities of the nation. When people have lesser incomes, they cut spending on goods and services that are not so essential. That in turn causes downward shift in the markets affecting business profitability. In turn tax collections too get affected adversely.
To add to the woes of the Indian economy, the Covid-19 lock downs also came into effect in 2020.
So the Indian government and consequently, the state governments have begun to lose revenue and income by way of tax collections. Instead of quickly adopting rectification of the problem, they preferred to adopt other methods.
And one such other method was enhancing the taxes of essential commodities like petrol, diesel, gas, aviation turbo fuel etc. The high taxation on the other hand are making more and more businesses to become unprofitable and unviable.
So now India is in a vicious circle. It is increasing the taxes for enhancing the governments income without attempting any thing to reduce its several wasteful expenditures. The higher taxes are reducing the profits of businesses and their tax contributions. That's making the government to increase taxes further!
Where are we going?
Who has got the courage to bell the cat?
If you ask me, only the people have the power for that. Indian people have to think while electing their representatives such as members of the parliament or state assemblies. They have to use their precious democratic power to make the individuals in politics and bureaucracy to do the service of proper governance wisely and for the benefit of the nation and its people.
They should learn to reject people without character, competence, compassion and courage who are fielded by political gangs for getting elected as their representatives. They should learn to reject people who are merely slaves of their political bosses who play from behind the curtains!
They should support political parties who have logical manifestos for making overall improvement to the nation rather than those with vague or twisted agendas.
Most importantly, the people should use their common sense to weed out evil political outfits who adopt all kinds of tricks to fool people to capture the power to govern the nation to fulfill their own vested interests rather than the nation and its people!
When that's done, India will have good governance by good people who would be in a position to find out and implement better methods of administration.
Such a government in India, like several other better governed nations, would not be required to tax people to suffocation! Such a government in India would use every rupee collected judiciously for the welfare of its people!
Indians would then be proud of their democracy and no more would be cursing the demoncracy that they have been subjected to so far!